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WGC Conflict-Free Gold Standard

The World Gold Council is a market development organisation for the gold industry. It's Conflict-Free Gold Standard provides an assurance mechanism for gold producers that gold extraction has not caused, supported or benefitted unlawful armed conflict, nor contributed to breaches of international humanitarian law or serious abuses of human rights.

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Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM)

Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM) is an initiative curated by the industry membership organisation the Mining Association of Canada (MAC).

The Standard evaluates eight topics related to social and environmental performance. TSM was the first mining sustainability standard in the world to require site-level assessments. It is mandatory for all companies that are members of the MAC for their Canadian operations and has been adopted by several other mining chambers around the world.

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SMETA Audit

Sedex is a membership organisation that provides an online platform for companies to manage and improve working conditions in their global supply chains.

Sedex Members Ethical Trade Audit (SMETA) is Sedex’s social auditing standard, which businesses can use to assess a supplier’s working conditions, across the areas of labour, health and safety, environment and business ethics, to improve performance and signal zero tolerance of human rights abuses such as child and forced labour.

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SA8000 Standard

Social Accountability International is a global non-governmental organisation advancing human rights in the workplace, which curates the SA8000 Standard.

The Standard and accompanying certification system provide a framework for organizations of all types, in any industry, to operate in a way that respects workers' rights and demonstrates their adherence to high social performance.

The Standard emphasises strong management systems, worker engagement and a culture of continuous improvement.

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RMI Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP) Tungsten Standard

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

RMAP is a programme curated by the RMI that assesses smelters of tin, tungsten and tantalum, and refiners of gold and cobalt.

The RMAP standards are developed to meet the requirements of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, and related requirements of Regulation 2017/821 of the European Parliament and Section 1502 of the U.S. Dodd Frank Act.

RMAP focuses on "pinch points” in the supply chain (points with relatively few actors), and uses independent third-party assessment of management systems and sourcing practices, with a risk-based approach, to validate conformance.

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RMI Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP) Tin and Tantalum Standard

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

RMAP is a programme curated by the RMI that assesses smelters of tin, tungsten and tantalum, and refiners of gold and cobalt.

The RMAP standards are developed to meet the requirements of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, and related requirements of Regulation 2017/821 of the European Parliament and Section 1502 of the U.S. Dodd Frank Act.

RMAP focuses on "pinch points” in the supply chain (points with relatively few actors), and uses independent third-party assessment of management systems and sourcing practices, with a risk-based approach, to validate conformance.

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RMI Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP) Gold Standard

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

RMAP is a programme curated by the RMI that assesses smelters of tin, tungsten and tantalum, and refiners of gold and cobalt.

The RMAP standards are developed to meet the requirements of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, and related requirements of Regulation 2017/821 of the European Parliament and Section 1502 of the U.S. Dodd Frank Act.

RMAP focuses on "pinch points” in the supply chain (points with relatively few actors), and uses independent third-party assessment of management systems and sourcing practices, with a risk-based approach, to validate conformance.

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RMI Global Responsible Sourcing Due Diligence Standard for Mineral Supply Chains  

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

The RMI Global Responsible Sourcing Due Diligence Standard for Mineral Supply Chains works alongside other RMI standards for specific minerals. It follows the same approach as other RMI standards, of establishing auditable frameworks for adherence to the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, designed to combat conflict financing and human rights abuses in mineral supply chains.

Companies with facilities classed as processors, integrated processing and mining operations, independent mining operations, upstream traders and/or exporters are eligible to use the Standard. The Standard is not available to artisanal and small scale miners.

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RMI Environmental Social and Governance (ESG) Standard for Mineral Supply Chains 

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

The RMI's Environmental, Social & Governance (ESG) Standard provides a set of criteria for facility level assessment, applicable to mineral processors, smelters and refiners, including those integrated with mine sites. It significantly extends the RMI’s scope, as the organisation had previously been focused on adherence to the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas.

The RMI’s ESG Standard includes environmental criteria, occupational health and safety provisions, social obligations and governance requirements.

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RMI Cobalt Refiner Supply Chain Due Diligence Standard

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally. The Responsible Cobalt Initiative (RCI) is dedicated to identifying, preventing and systemically addressing social and environmental challenges in the cobalt supply chain.

The Cobalt Refiner Supply Chain Due Diligence Standard was developed by the RCI and the RMI. The standard creates enabling conditions for companies to exercise due diligence over cobalt supply chains in accordance with the Chinese Due Diligence Guidelines for Minerals Supply Chains and the OECD Due Diligence Guidance.

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RJC Code of Practices

The Responsible Jewellery Council (RJC) is a standard-setting organisation for the jewellery and watch industry.

The RJC Code of Practices establishes benchmarks for responsible business practices throughout the jewellery supply chain, from mine to retail. It sets out a common standard for ethical, social, human rights and environmental practices, and certification against the Code of Practices is mandatory for all RJC member companies.

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RJC Chain of Custody

The Responsible Jewellery Council (RJC) is a standard-setting organisation for the jewellery and watch industry.

The RJC Chain of Custody certification is applicable to gold and platinum group metals, and is designed to promote traceability and give assurances on how products and materials have been sourced and processed through the supply chain. The certification is voluntary for RJC member companies, which may undertake it once after they have been successfully certified against the RJC Code of Practices.

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ResponsibleSteel Standard

ResponsibleSteel is an international, non-profit multi-stakeholder membership organisation and certification initiative.

The ResponsibleSteel Standard contains twelve principles for the responsible sourcing and production of steel, across a broad range of environmental, social and governance topics.

The Standard aims to maximise steel's contribution to a sustainable society. It sets benchmark levels of company performance in the implementation of its principles so as to encourage broad participation by businesses while meeting the expectations of civil society stakeholders.

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LBMA Responsible Gold Guidance

The LBMA is a membership organisation for companies in the precious metals supply chain.

It established the Responsible Gold Guidance for Good Delivery Refiners to combat human rights abuses, to avoid conflict financing in the gold supply chain, to ensure compliance with high standards of anti-money laundering and to combat terrorist financing. The Guidance follows the approach of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, which the LBMA participated in developing.

The Guidance also recognises the increasing importance of strong corporate governance generally, and companies' environmental and sustainability responsibilities.

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Joint Due Diligence Standard for Copper Lead Nickel and Zinc

The Joint Due Diligence Standard was developed collaboratively by the Copper Mark (CuMark), the International Lead Association (ILA), the International Zinc Association (IZA), the Nickel Institute and the Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI).

The Standard enables companies in the supply chain to comply with the London Metal Exchange Responsible Sourcing requirements, and covers risks associated with conflict and human rights abuses in mineral supply chains. The Standard is designed to enable effective due diligence for producers and traders. It builds on existing standards and it intends to provide flexibility for multi-metal producers which extract both primary and secondary (by-product) minerals at their production sites.

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ITA-RMI Assessment Criteria for Tin Smelters

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally. The International Tin Association (ITA) is an industry membership organisation dedicated to supporting the tin industry and expanding tin use.

The ITA and the RMI seek to incentivize and improve supply chain due diligence in the tin value chain, through their Assessment Criteria for tin smelting companies. The criteria are designed to align with the 3T Supplement of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas.

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ISO 50001 – Energy Management Systems

ISO is a non-governmental international standard-setting organization with a membership of 167 national standards bodies. It establishes best practices in a very wide range of activities and is not limited to mineral supply chains.

ISO 50001 is designed to provide a practical way to improve energy use, through the development of an energy management system. It establishes general principles and guidelines for the process of measurement and verification of energy performance of an organization or its components.

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ISO 45001 – Occupational Health & Safety Management Systems

ISO is a non-governmental international standard-setting organization with a membership of 167 national standards bodies. It establishes best practices in a very wide range of activities and is not limited to mineral supply chains.

ISO 45001:2018 specifies requirements for an occupational health and safety (OH&S) management system, and gives guidance for its use, to enable organizations to provide safe and healthy workplaces by preventing work-related injury and ill health, and proactively improving their OH&S performance.

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ISO 14064 – GHG Management Systems

ISO is a non-governmental international standard-setting organization with a membership of 167 national standards bodies. It establishes best practices in a very wide range of activities and is not limited to mineral supply chains.

ISO 14064.1 specifies principles at the organizational level for the quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals. It includes requirements for the design, development, management, reporting and verification of an organisation's GHG inventory. Additional guidance documents, ISO 14064.2 and 14064.3, cover GHG emissions at project level and the verification and validation of greenhouse gas statements, respectively.

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ISO 14001 – Environmental Management Systems

ISO is a non-governmental international standard-setting organization with a membership of 167 national standards bodies. It establishes best practices in a very wide range of activities and is not limited to mineral supply chains.

ISO 14001 sets out the criteria for an environmental management system and can be certified against these criteria. It maps out a framework that a company or organization can follow, to provide assurance to company management and employees as well as external stakeholders that environmental impact is being measured and improved.

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IS0 37001 – Anti-Bribery Management Systems

ISO is a non-governmental international standard-setting organization with a membership of 167 national standards bodies. It establishes best practices in a very wide range of activities and is not limited to mineral supply chains.

ISO 37001 provides guidance for establishing, implementing, maintaining, reviewing and improving an anti-bribery management system. The system can be stand-alone or can be integrated into an overall management system. 

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IRMA Standard for Responsible Mining

The Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance (IRMA) certification is third-party assured against a comprehensive standard for all mined materials (except thermal coal) from industrial-scale mines.

The Standard for Responsible Mining v.1.0 was created by IRMA through a multi-year collaborative process, led by a multi-stakeholder board of directors. The Standard is designed to support 4 overarching principles: Business integrity; Planning and Managing for Positive Legacies; Social Responsibility; and Environmental Responsibility.

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GRI Mining and Metals Sector Supplement

GRI is the world's most widely-used source of guidance for impact reporting, providing transparency for organisational impacts on the economy, the environment, and people.

The Mining and Metals Sector Supplement is a sector-specific guidance on reporting practices, reflecting the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) G3 Guidelines.

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Global Workplace Responsible Sourcing Environmental Health and Safety Due Diligence Standard for Mica Processors

The Responsible Mica Initiative is committed to establishing a fair, responsible and sustainable mica supply chain in the states of Jharkhand and Bihar in India.

The Standard includes environmental, social, health and safety, governance, and supply chain due diligence criteria for mica, following the five-step framework for risk-based due diligence from the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Mineral Supply Chains.

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Fairtrade Standard for Gold and Associated Precious Metals for Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

Fairtrade Standard seeks to create opportunities for artisanal and small-scale miners and
their communities, by promoting formalisation
through the establishment of membership-based artisanal and small-scale mining organisations. The
aims are to improve working conditions for miners, strengthen mining organisations and build their
capacity to lobby for positive systemic change.

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Fairmined Standard

The Fairmined Standard seeks to support the sustainable development of artisanal and small-scale mining organisations. It includes requirements for mining operations to operate formally and legally, and requirements for environmental protection, improved working conditions, traceability and socio-economic development. The latter is achieved through the Fairmined Premium for mined materials. The Standard also specifies requirements for other participants in the supply chain.

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Copper Mark Criteria for Responsible Production

The Copper Mark is a comprehensive assurance framework focused on demonstrating the copper industry’s responsible production practices.

The Criteria for Responsible Production are management system requirements across all major environmental, social, and governance topics. The framework allows participating companies to efficiently demonstrate responsible practices through pre-existing certifications, where appropriate. All participants of the Copper Mark commit to fully meet all criteria within 24 months.

Participation in the Copper Mark is open to multi-metal mines that produce other metals alongside copper.

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BGR Certified Trading Chains

The German Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) developed the Certified Trading Chains (CTC) approach and has implemented it at the pilot scale in Rwanda and the DRC.

The CTC scheme is designed to certify responsible mining and trade of minerals, with a focus on tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold. The scheme is geared to addressing the specific challenges that are associated with artisanal mining, and emphasises feasibility and impact in an artisanal context. It focus on process rather than certifying the achievement of performance targets.

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ASI Performance Standard

The Aluminium Stewardship Initiative (ASI) is a membership initiative, designed to drive responsible production, sourcing and stewardship in the global aluminium value chain.

The ASI Performance standard covers a broad range of environmental, social and governance topics, and can be applied at each stage of the aluminium value chain. It is currently in its third version. Members of the ASI are required to demonstrate Conformance to version 3 of the Standard in all new and re-certification audits conducted from 1st June 2023 onwards. Audits conducted between 1st June 2022 and 31st May 2023 may be against either version 2 or version 3 of the Standard.

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ASI Chain of Custody Standard

The Aluminium Stewardship Initiative (ASI) is a membership initiative, designed to drive responsible production, sourcing and stewardship in the global aluminium value chain.

The ASI Chain of Custody (CoC) Standard complements the ASI Performance Standard, and is voluntary for ASI Members, though encouraged. The CoC Standard sets out a framework for the creation of a Chain of Custody for relevant material, including ASI aluminium.

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