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WGC Conflict-Free Gold Standard

The World Gold Council is a market development organisation for the gold industry. It's Conflict-Free Gold Standard provides an assurance mechanism for gold producers that gold extraction has not caused, supported or benefitted unlawful armed conflict, nor contributed to breaches of international humanitarian law or serious abuses of human rights.

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Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM)

Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM) is an initiative curated by the industry membership organisation the Mining Association of Canada (MAC).

The Standard evaluates eight topics related to social and environmental performance. TSM was the first mining sustainability standard in the world to require site-level assessments. It is mandatory for all companies that are members of the MAC for their Canadian operations and has been adopted by several other mining chambers around the world.

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SMETA Audit (4 Pillars)

Sedex is a membership organisation that provides an online platform for companies to manage and improve working conditions in their global supply chains.

Sedex Members Ethical Trade Audit (SMETA) is Sedex’s social auditing standard, which businesses can use to assess a supplier’s working conditions, across the areas of labour, health and safety, environment and business ethics, to improve performance and signal zero tolerance of human rights abuses such as child and forced labour.

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RMI Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP) Tungsten Standard

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

RMAP is a programme curated by the RMI that assesses smelters of tin, tungsten and tantalum, and refiners of gold and cobalt.

The RMAP standards are developed to meet the requirements of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, and related requirements of Regulation 2017/821 of the European Parliament and Section 1502 of the U.S. Dodd Frank Act.

RMAP focuses on "pinch points” in the supply chain (points with relatively few actors), and uses independent third-party assessment of management systems and sourcing practices, with a risk-based approach, to validate conformance.

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RMI Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP) Tin and Tantalum Standard

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

RMAP is a programme curated by the RMI that assesses smelters of tin, tungsten and tantalum, and refiners of gold and cobalt.

The RMAP standards are developed to meet the requirements of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, and related requirements of Regulation 2017/821 of the European Parliament and Section 1502 of the U.S. Dodd Frank Act.

RMAP focuses on "pinch points” in the supply chain (points with relatively few actors), and uses independent third-party assessment of management systems and sourcing practices, with a risk-based approach, to validate conformance.

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RMI Responsible Minerals Assurance Process (RMAP) Gold Standard

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

RMAP is a programme curated by the RMI that assesses smelters of tin, tungsten and tantalum, and refiners of gold and cobalt.

The RMAP standards are developed to meet the requirements of the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, and related requirements of Regulation 2017/821 of the European Parliament and Section 1502 of the U.S. Dodd Frank Act.

RMAP focuses on "pinch points” in the supply chain (points with relatively few actors), and uses independent third-party assessment of management systems and sourcing practices, with a risk-based approach, to validate conformance.

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RMI Global Responsible Sourcing Due Diligence Standard for Mineral Supply Chains

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

The RMI Global Responsible Sourcing Due Diligence Standard for Mineral Supply Chains works alongside other RMI standards for specific minerals. It follows the same approach as other RMI standards, of establishing auditable frameworks for adherence to the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, designed to combat conflict financing and human rights abuses in mineral supply chains.

Companies with facilities classed as processors, integrated processing and mining operations, independent mining operations, upstream traders and/or exporters are eligible to use the Standard. The Standard is not available to artisanal and small scale miners.

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RMI Environmental Social and Governance (ESG) Standard for Mineral Supply Chains 

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

The RMI's Environmental, Social & Governance (ESG) Standard provides a set of criteria for facility level assessment, applicable to mineral processors, smelters and refiners, including those integrated with mine sites. It significantly extends the RMI’s scope, as the organisation had previously been focused on adherence to the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas.

The RMI’s ESG Standard includes environmental criteria, occupational health and safety provisions, social obligations and governance requirements.

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RMI Cobalt Refiner Supply Chain Due Diligence Standard

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally. The Responsible Cobalt Initiative (RCI) is dedicated to identifying, preventing and systemically addressing social and environmental challenges in the cobalt supply chain.

The Cobalt Refiner Supply Chain Due Diligence Standard was developed by the RCI and the RMI. The standard creates enabling conditions for companies to exercise due diligence over cobalt supply chains in accordance with the Chinese Due Diligence Guidelines for Minerals Supply Chains and the OECD Due Diligence Guidance.

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RJC Code of Practices

The Responsible Jewellery Council (RJC) is a standard-setting organisation for the jewellery and watch industry.

The RJC Code of Practices establishes benchmarks for responsible business practices throughout the jewellery supply chain, from mine to retail. It sets out a common standard for ethical, social, human rights and environmental practices, and certification against the Code of Practices is mandatory for all RJC member companies.

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ResponsibleSteel Standard

ResponsibleSteel is an international, non-profit multi-stakeholder membership organisation and certification initiative.

The ResponsibleSteel Standard contains twelve principles for the responsible sourcing and production of steel, across a broad range of environmental, social and governance topics.

The Standard aims to maximise steel's contribution to a sustainable society. It sets benchmark levels of company performance in the implementation of its principles so as to encourage broad participation by businesses while meeting the expectations of civil society stakeholders.

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Metals and Mining SASB Standard

The SASB Standards are curated by the Value Reporting Foundation, a nonprofit organisation that creates resources to help businesses and investors develop a shared understanding of enterprise value.

The Metals and Mining SASB Standard is designed to help businesses to identify, manage, and communicate to investors sustainability information that is financially material. It covers a range of environmental and social risks that are pertinent to the metals and mining industries.

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LBMA Responsible Gold Guidance

LBMA’s Responsible Sourcing Programme (the Programme) protects the integrity of the global supply chain for the wholesale precious metals markets. It was set up to consolidate, strengthen and formalise the existing standards of the LBMA Good Delivery Refiners’ due diligence practices. LBMA was actively involved in drafting the OECD Due Diligence Guidance and its Gold Supplement and continues to support the OECD’s work in supply chain due diligence and related projects. The LBMA Responsible Gold Guidance (RGG) has been in force since 2012 and in line with the evolution of best practices and standards for responsible sourcing.
Vital to the credibility of the LBMA Programme is its broad scope, which includes measures to combat money laundering, terrorist financing and human rights abuses globally. In addition, the Programme has also been developed to recognise the increasing importance of strong Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) responsibilities.

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Joint Due Diligence Standard for Copper Lead Nickel and Zinc

The Joint Due Diligence Standard was developed collaboratively by the Copper Mark (CuMark), the International Lead Association (ILA), the International Zinc Association (IZA), the Nickel Institute and the Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI).

The Standard enables companies in the supply chain to comply with the London Metal Exchange Responsible Sourcing requirements, and covers risks associated with conflict and human rights abuses in mineral supply chains. The Standard is designed to enable effective due diligence for producers and traders. It builds on existing standards and it intends to provide flexibility for multi-metal producers which extract both primary and secondary (by-product) minerals at their production sites.

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ITA-RMI Assessment Criteria for Tin Smelters

The International Tin Association (ITA) and the Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) encourage the responsible sourcing of minerals from Conflict-Affected an High Risk Areas (CAHRAs), and, where relevant, artisanal and small scale mining (ASM) producers. To incentivize and improve supply chain due diligence in the tin value chain, ITA and RMI collaborated to issue these joint Assessment Criteria for tin smelting companies. This document sets forth the criteria for determining conformance with RMI and ITA program requirements, the OECD Guidance, as well as regulatory requirements on minerals due diligence.

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ISO 26000 – Social Responsibility Management Systems

ISO is a non-governmental international standard-setting organization with a membership of 167 national standards bodies. It establishes best practices in a very wide range of activities and is not limited to mineral supply chains.

ISO 26000 provides guidance for all types of organisation, clarifying what social responsibility is, helping businesses to translate principles into effective actions and sharing best practices relating to social responsibility, globally. It is not a management system standard and is not intended for certification purposes.

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ISO 37001 – Anti-Bribery Management Systems

ISO is a non-governmental international standard-setting organization with a membership of 167 national standards bodies. It establishes best practices in a very wide range of activities and is not limited to mineral supply chains.

ISO 37001 provides guidance for establishing, implementing, maintaining, reviewing and improving an anti-bribery management system. The system can be stand-alone or can be integrated into an overall management system. 

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IRMA Standard for Responsible Mining

The Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance (IRMA) is a multi-stakeholder body created to meet global demand for more socially and environmentally responsible mining.

The Standard for Responsible Mining v.1.0 was created by IRMA through a multi-year collaborative process, led by a multi-stakeholder board of directors. The Standard is designed to support 4 overarching principles: Business integrity; Planning and Managing for Positive Legacies; Social Responsibility; and Environmental Responsibility.

The IRMA certification is third-party assured against a comprehensive standard for all mined materials (except thermal coal) from industrial-scale mines.

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GRI Mining and Metals Sector Supplement

GRI is the world's most widely-used source of guidance for impact reporting, providing transparency for organisational impacts on the economy, the environment, and people.

The Mining and Metals Sector Supplement is a sector-specific guidance on reporting practices, reflecting the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) G3 Guidelines.

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Global Workplace Responsible Sourcing Environmental Health and Safety Due Diligence Standard for Mica Processors

The Responsible Mica Initiative is committed to establishing a fair, responsible and sustainable mica supply chain in the states of Jharkhand and Bihar in India.

The Standard includes environmental, social, health and safety, governance, and supply chain due diligence criteria for mica, following the five-step framework for risk-based due diligence from the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Mineral Supply Chains.

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Fairmined Standard

The Fairmined Standard seeks to support the sustainable development of artisanal and small-scale mining organisations. It includes requirements for mining operations to operate formally and legally, and requirements for environmental protection, improved working conditions, traceability and socio-economic development. The latter is achieved through the Fairmined Premium for mined materials. The Standard also specifies requirements for other participants in the supply chain.

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Copper Mark Criteria for Responsible Production

The Copper Mark is a comprehensive assurance framework focused on demonstrating the copper industry’s responsible production practices.

The Criteria for Responsible Production are management system requirements across all major environmental, social, and governance topics. The framework allows participating companies to efficiently demonstrate responsible practices through pre-existing certifications, where appropriate. All participants of the Copper Mark commit to fully meet all criteria within 24 months.

Participation in the Copper Mark is open to multi-metal mines that produce other metals alongside copper.

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ASI Performance Standard

The Aluminium Stewardship Initiative (ASI) is a membership initiative, designed to drive responsible production, sourcing and stewardship in the global aluminium value chain.

The ASI Performance standard covers a broad range of environmental, social and governance topics, and can be applied at each stage of the aluminium value chain. It is currently in its third version. Members of the ASI are required to demonstrate Conformance to version 3 of the Standard in all new and re-certification audits conducted from 1st June 2023 onwards. Audits conducted between 1st June 2022 and 31st May 2023 may be against either version 2 or version 3 of the Standard.

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