Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM)
Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM) is an initiative curated by the industry membership organisation the Mining Association of Canada (MAC).
The Standard evaluates eight topics related to social and environmental performance. TSM was the first mining sustainability standard in the world to require site-level assessments. It is mandatory for all companies that are members of the MAC for their Canadian operations and has been adopted by several other mining chambers around the world.
RMI Environmental Social and Governance (ESG) Standard for Mineral Supply Chains
The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.
The RMI's Environmental, Social & Governance (ESG) Standard provides a set of criteria for facility level assessment, applicable to mineral processors, smelters and refiners, including those integrated with mine sites. It significantly extends the RMI’s scope, as the organisation had previously been focused on adherence to the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas.
The RMI’s ESG Standard includes environmental criteria, occupational health and safety provisions, social obligations and governance requirements.
RJC Code of Practices
The Responsible Jewellery Council (RJC) is a standard-setting organisation for the jewellery and watch industry.
The RJC Code of Practices establishes benchmarks for responsible business practices throughout the jewellery supply chain, from mine to retail. It sets out a common standard for ethical, social, human rights and environmental practices, and certification against the Code of Practices is mandatory for all RJC member companies.
ResponsibleSteel is an international, non-profit multi-stakeholder membership organisation and certification initiative.
The ResponsibleSteel Standard contains twelve principles for the responsible sourcing and production of steel, across a broad range of environmental, social and governance topics.
The Standard aims to maximise steel's contribution to a sustainable society. It sets benchmark levels of company performance in the implementation of its principles so as to encourage broad participation by businesses while meeting the expectations of civil society stakeholders.
Metals and Mining SASB Standard
The SASB Standards are curated by the Value Reporting Foundation, a nonprofit organisation that creates resources to help businesses and investors develop a shared understanding of enterprise value.
The Metals and Mining SASB Standard is designed to help businesses to identify, manage, and communicate to investors sustainability information that is financially material. It covers a range of environmental and social risks that are pertinent to the metals and mining industries.
ISO 26000 – Social Responsibility Management Systems
ISO is a non-governmental international standard-setting organization with a membership of 167 national standards bodies. It establishes best practices in a very wide range of activities and is not limited to mineral supply chains.
ISO 26000 provides guidance for all types of organisation, clarifying what social responsibility is, helping businesses to translate principles into effective actions and sharing best practices relating to social responsibility, globally. It is not a management system standard and is not intended for certification purposes.
IRMA Standard for Responsible Mining
The Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance (IRMA) is a multi-stakeholder body created to meet global demand for more socially and environmentally responsible mining.
The Standard for Responsible Mining v.1.0 was created by IRMA through a multi-year collaborative process, led by a multi-stakeholder board of directors. The Standard is designed to support 4 overarching principles: Business integrity; Planning and Managing for Positive Legacies; Social Responsibility; and Environmental Responsibility.
The IRMA certification is third-party assured against a comprehensive standard for all mined materials (except thermal coal) from industrial-scale mines.
GRI Mining and Metals Sector Supplement
GRI is the world's most widely-used source of guidance for impact reporting, providing transparency for organisational impacts on the economy, the environment, and people.
The Mining and Metals Sector Supplement is a sector-specific guidance on reporting practices, reflecting the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) G3 Guidelines.
Global Workplace Responsible Sourcing Environmental Health and Safety Due Diligence Standard for Mica Processors
The Responsible Mica Initiative is committed to establishing a fair, responsible and sustainable mica supply chain in the states of Jharkhand and Bihar in India.
The Standard includes environmental, social, health and safety, governance, and supply chain due diligence criteria for mica, following the five-step framework for risk-based due diligence from the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Mineral Supply Chains.
Fairtrade Standard for Gold and Associated Precious Metals for Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining
Fairtrade Standard seeks to create opportunities for artisanal and small-scale miners and
their communities, by promoting formalisation
through the establishment of membership-based artisanal and small-scale mining organisations. The
aims are to improve working conditions for miners, strengthen mining organisations and build their
capacity to lobby for positive systemic change.
The Fairmined Standard seeks to support the sustainable development of artisanal and small-scale mining organisations. It includes requirements for mining operations to operate formally and legally, and requirements for environmental protection, improved working conditions, traceability and socio-economic development. The latter is achieved through the Fairmined Premium for mined materials. The Standard also specifies requirements for other participants in the supply chain.
Copper Mark Criteria for Responsible Production
The Copper Mark is a comprehensive assurance framework focused on demonstrating the copper industry’s responsible production practices.
The Criteria for Responsible Production are management system requirements across all major environmental, social, and governance topics. The framework allows participating companies to efficiently demonstrate responsible practices through pre-existing certifications, where appropriate. All participants of the Copper Mark commit to fully meet all criteria within 24 months.
Participation in the Copper Mark is open to multi-metal mines that produce other metals alongside copper.
Code of Risk-mitigation for ASM engaging in Formal Trade (CRAFT)
The Code of Risk-Mitigation for ASM Engaging in Formal Trade (CRAFT) is a multi-stakeholder, open-source market entry standard, developed by the Alliance for Responsible Mining and RESOLVE.
CRAFT enables ASM gold producers to access formal markets by proactively facilitating due diligence of their supply chains at the earliest stage of their development.
BGR Certified Trading Chains
The German Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) developed the Certified Trading Chains (CTC) approach and has implemented it at the pilot scale in Rwanda and the DRC.
The CTC scheme is designed to certify responsible mining and trade of minerals, with a focus on tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold. The scheme is geared to addressing the specific challenges that are associated with artisanal mining, and emphasises feasibility and impact in an artisanal context. It focus on process rather than certifying the achievement of performance targets.
ASI Performance Standard
The Aluminium Stewardship Initiative (ASI) is a membership initiative, designed to drive responsible production, sourcing and stewardship in the global aluminium value chain.
The ASI Performance standard covers a broad range of environmental, social and governance topics, and can be applied at each stage of the aluminium value chain. It is currently in its third version. Members of the ASI are required to demonstrate Conformance to version 3 of the Standard in all new and re-certification audits conducted from 1st June 2023 onwards. Audits conducted between 1st June 2022 and 31st May 2023 may be against either version 2 or version 3 of the Standard.