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WGC Conflict-Free Gold Standard

The World Gold Council is a market development organisation for the gold industry. It's Conflict-Free Gold Standard provides an assurance mechanism for gold producers that gold extraction has not caused, supported or benefitted unlawful armed conflict, nor contributed to breaches of international humanitarian law or serious abuses of human rights.

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Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM)

Towards Sustainable Mining (TSM) is an initiative curated by the industry membership organisation the Mining Association of Canada (MAC).

The Standard evaluates eight topics related to social and environmental performance. TSM was the first mining sustainability standard in the world to require site-level assessments. It is mandatory for all companies that are members of the MAC for their Canadian operations and has been adopted by several other mining chambers around the world.

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RMI Global Responsible Sourcing Due Diligence Standard for Mineral Supply Chains  

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

The RMI Global Responsible Sourcing Due Diligence Standard for Mineral Supply Chains works alongside other RMI standards for specific minerals. It follows the same approach as other RMI standards, of establishing auditable frameworks for adherence to the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas, designed to combat conflict financing and human rights abuses in mineral supply chains.

Companies with facilities classed as processors, integrated processing and mining operations, independent mining operations, upstream traders and/or exporters are eligible to use the Standard. The Standard is not available to artisanal and small scale miners.

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RMI Environmental Social and Governance (ESG) Standard for Mineral Supply Chains 

The Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI) is a membership organisation that encourages the responsible sourcing of minerals globally.

The RMI's Environmental, Social & Governance (ESG) Standard provides a set of criteria for facility level assessment, applicable to mineral processors, smelters and refiners, including those integrated with mine sites. It significantly extends the RMI’s scope, as the organisation had previously been focused on adherence to the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains of Minerals from Conflict-Affected and High-Risk Areas.

The RMI’s ESG Standard includes environmental criteria, occupational health and safety provisions, social obligations and governance requirements.

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ResponsibleSteel Standard

ResponsibleSteel is an international, non-profit multi-stakeholder membership organisation and certification initiative.

The ResponsibleSteel Standard contains twelve principles for the responsible sourcing and production of steel, across a broad range of environmental, social and governance topics.

The Standard aims to maximise steel's contribution to a sustainable society. It sets benchmark levels of company performance in the implementation of its principles so as to encourage broad participation by businesses while meeting the expectations of civil society stakeholders.

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Metals and Mining SASB Standard

The SASB Standards are curated by the Value Reporting Foundation, a nonprofit organisation that creates resources to help businesses and investors develop a shared understanding of enterprise value.

The Metals and Mining SASB Standard is designed to help businesses to identify, manage, and communicate to investors sustainability information that is financially material. It covers a range of environmental and social risks that are pertinent to the metals and mining industries.

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Joint Due Diligence Standard for Copper Lead Nickel and Zinc

The Joint Due Diligence Standard was developed collaboratively by the Copper Mark (CuMark), the International Lead Association (ILA), the International Zinc Association (IZA), the Nickel Institute and the Responsible Minerals Initiative (RMI).

The Standard enables companies in the supply chain to comply with the London Metal Exchange Responsible Sourcing requirements, and covers risks associated with conflict and human rights abuses in mineral supply chains. The Standard is designed to enable effective due diligence for producers and traders. It builds on existing standards and it intends to provide flexibility for multi-metal producers which extract both primary and secondary (by-product) minerals at their production sites.

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IRMA Standard for Responsible Mining

The Initiative for Responsible Mining Assurance (IRMA) certification is third-party assured against a comprehensive standard for all mined materials (except thermal coal) from industrial-scale mines.

The Standard for Responsible Mining v.1.0 was created by IRMA through a multi-year collaborative process, led by a multi-stakeholder board of directors. The Standard is designed to support 4 overarching principles: Business integrity; Planning and Managing for Positive Legacies; Social Responsibility; and Environmental Responsibility.

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ICMM Global Industry Standard for Tailings Management (GISTM)

The Global Industry Standard on Tailings Management strives for the ultimate goal of zero harm to people and the environment, with zero tolerance for human fatalities from incidences associated with tailings. It requires operators to take responsibility and prioritise the safety of tailings facilities, through all phases of a facility’s lifecycle, including closure and post-closure. It also requires the disclosure of relevant information to support public accountability.

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GRI Mining and Metals Sector Supplement

GRI is the world's most widely-used source of guidance for impact reporting, providing transparency for organisational impacts on the economy, the environment, and people.

The Mining and Metals Sector Supplement is a sector-specific guidance on reporting practices, reflecting the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) G3 Guidelines.

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Fairtrade Standard for Gold and Associated Precious Metals for Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

Fairtrade Standard seeks to create opportunities for artisanal and small-scale miners and
their communities, by promoting formalisation
through the establishment of membership-based artisanal and small-scale mining organisations. The
aims are to improve working conditions for miners, strengthen mining organisations and build their
capacity to lobby for positive systemic change.

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Fairmined Standard

The Fairmined Standard seeks to support the sustainable development of artisanal and small-scale mining organisations. It includes requirements for mining operations to operate formally and legally, and requirements for environmental protection, improved working conditions, traceability and socio-economic development. The latter is achieved through the Fairmined Premium for mined materials. The Standard also specifies requirements for other participants in the supply chain.

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Copper Mark Criteria for Responsible Production

The Copper Mark is a comprehensive assurance framework focused on demonstrating the copper industry’s responsible production practices.

The Criteria for Responsible Production are management system requirements across all major environmental, social, and governance topics. The framework allows participating companies to efficiently demonstrate responsible practices through pre-existing certifications, where appropriate. All participants of the Copper Mark commit to fully meet all criteria within 24 months.

Participation in the Copper Mark is open to multi-metal mines that produce other metals alongside copper.

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Code of Risk-mitigation for ASM engaging in Formal Trade (CRAFT)

The Code of Risk-Mitigation for ASM Engaging in Formal Trade (CRAFT) is a multi-stakeholder, open-source market entry standard, developed by the Alliance for Responsible Mining and RESOLVE.

CRAFT enables ASM gold producers to access formal markets by proactively facilitating due diligence of their supply chains at the earliest stage of their development.

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BGR Certified Trading Chains

The German Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR) developed the Certified Trading Chains (CTC) approach and has implemented it at the pilot scale in Rwanda and the DRC.

The CTC scheme is designed to certify responsible mining and trade of minerals, with a focus on tin, tungsten, tantalum and gold. The scheme is geared to addressing the specific challenges that are associated with artisanal mining, and emphasises feasibility and impact in an artisanal context. It focus on process rather than certifying the achievement of performance targets.

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ASI Performance Standard

The Aluminium Stewardship Initiative (ASI) is a membership initiative, designed to drive responsible production, sourcing and stewardship in the global aluminium value chain.

The ASI Performance standard covers a broad range of environmental, social and governance topics, and can be applied at each stage of the aluminium value chain. It is currently in its third version. Members of the ASI are required to demonstrate Conformance to version 3 of the Standard in all new and re-certification audits conducted from 1st June 2023 onwards. Audits conducted between 1st June 2022 and 31st May 2023 may be against either version 2 or version 3 of the Standard.

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ASI Chain of Custody Standard

The Aluminium Stewardship Initiative (ASI) is a membership initiative, designed to drive responsible production, sourcing and stewardship in the global aluminium value chain.

The ASI Chain of Custody (CoC) Standard complements the ASI Performance Standard, and is voluntary for ASI Members, though encouraged. The CoC Standard sets out a framework for the creation of a Chain of Custody for relevant material, including ASI aluminium.

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