The conversion of formerly forest habitats for activities such as agriculture, mining, or human settlement.

Damage caused to landscapes by human activity, resulting in the landscape suffering a loss of its natural productivity or being broken-up into disconnected fragments.

Harm caused to animal or plant species as a result of human activities.

The introduction of harmful materials into the environment.

Exposure to radioactive material associated with mining or mine waste.

The failure of a tailings dam or storage facility, resulting in potential for harm to humans or the environment.