Violations of human rights, including the rights to life, health, property, and a healthy environment, arising from commercial activities such as mining or heavy industry.

Violent or non-violent protests, disputes, or conflicts, involving companies and members of communities affected by their activities.

Violations of indigenous peoples’ land rights and threats to the preservation of their cultural heritage.

Work that is performed involuntarily or through coercion.

Violations of international standards in relation to working conditions or freedom of association.

The employment of children in work that is harmful to their mental or physical development, is dangerous, or interferes with their education.

Violations of standards intended to ensure safe working conditions and protect workers from work-related injuries and illnesses.

Public criticism of corporate practices, particularly in relation to perceptions that companies act unethically or fail to fulfil social obligations in pursuit of profit.

Public health effects in communities affected by commercial activities.

The direct or indirect support to non-state armed groups from actors engaged in material supply chains.